20 Medical Tests to Ensure Your Overall Health Assessment
Health check-ups are exceptionally popular in the present-day UK. An increasing number of both men and women, from every possible age group, are taking these tests. A health check-up is a series of tests that are designed to identify your current health condition, explains a doctor associated with the Health Screening Clinic, located on Harley Street in Marylebone, London.
The basic objective of a health check is to find out any hidden diseases in your body and prevent them from further developing and doing more damage to your body. Health check-ups are proven to be extremely beneficial and most importantly, they help expand your lifespan by early-detecting any potentially harmful diseases during their early stage.
But what are the tests that are normally included in a health check-up? Let’s take a look at what the doctors have to say.
Tests included in a comprehensive health checkup
- PAP test: This test is a must for women who are looking forward to getting pregnant in the near future. It helps to detect any harmful cells of cervical cancer in the cervix. A woman should typically take this test routinely every two years.
- Bone mineral test: This test is vital for almost every woman above the age of 40. Our bones keep becoming thinner as we grow older. As a result, calcium content in the bones keeps decreasing and we are at greater risk to suffer from fractures or severe damages to the joints and bones. A bone mineral test assesses the condition of your bones and minimises your chances of developing medical conditions like arthritis and osteoporosis.
- Screening blood pressure: Get your blood pressure checked every 6 months. The normal range of blood pressure is 120 to 139/80 to 89 Hg. If your blood pressure goes beyond this range, talk to your doctor immediately. People suffering from chronic health conditions like diabetes, heart problems, high cholesterol and others should go for blood pressure screening more frequently.
- Comprehensive dental check-up: It is very important to maintain a sound oral health because your overall health and wellbeing won’t improve without it. We advise that you see your dentist for a check-up every 6 to 12 months. This test, however, will not be able to detect early signs of oral cancer.
- Skin assessment: You can take this test almost every day while in shower. Check for unusual rashes or moles on the skin. If you come up with anything, seek advice from your GP or a dermatologist.
- Cholesterol check: Thanks to unhealthy and irregular eating habits, cases of high cholesterol are rising steadily across the UK. This particular medical condition may lead one to a number of high-risk health issues and heart complications. Switch over to a healthy diet and consistent eating habits to minimise the risk of developing high cholesterol. You should also go for a cholesterol check-up once a year.
- Abdominal aortic aneurysm: This test is a must for heavy smokers. Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a life-threatening condition in which, the abdominal aorta (the largest artery in your body) swells up because of smoking. If the swelling isn’t checked, the aorta may burst leading you to death because of excessive bleeding.
- Screenings for STIs or sexually transmitted diseases:These days, cases of sexually transmitted diseases are rampant. That is why STI screening is one of the most crucial elements in almost any health screening Every sexually active male and female, who’s not sure about their partner’s sexual habits and practices, should take this test. STIs are easily transmittable during vaginal, anal and oral sex. Just remember that an STI can easily get transmitted from a mother to her child in the womb. If you’re in the habit of changing partners frequently or have unprotected sex then both you and your partner should get an STI screenings.
- Breast cancer screening or mammogram: Every woman must religiously check their breasts every day. If they notice anything unfamiliar or abnormal, it must be reported to a doctor immediately. Apart from that, every woman must take a mammogram test every 2 years. Women who have a history of breast cancer in their family should be more particular about this test.
- Examining the testes: This self-examination for men must be done once every two weeks in order to identify issues like testicular cancer during its initial stages. Run your fingers very smoothly over the testes to feel for any lump or swelling. If you detect anything just report it to your GP right away.
- Screening for colorectal cancer: Abnormal growth of the rectum or colon leads to colorectal cancer. Early detection of this type of cancer can save your life. Colorectal cancer screening helps in removing the excess growth of cells in the region before they form a tumour. This test is very important once you’re above 40 or have a history of cancer in your family.
- BMI measurement: BMI measurement is a vital aspect in any overall health assessment When you’ve a healthy BMI, it indicates you have a healthy body. BMI is measured by the ratio of your body weight to your height. Get your BMI checked regularly. A BMI within the range of 20 to 25 is considered ideal.When you’ve a healthy BMI, chances of developing osteoporosis, heart diseases and Type 2 diabetes are very thin.
- Eye check up: It’s very important that you have your eyes checked at least once a year. This helps preventing a number of vision-related problems including glaucoma, macular degeneration and blindness. Eye check-ups also help in preventing refractive issues. If you want to lead a good life, you must have a powerful vision and therefore it is important to go for regular eye check-ups.
- Waist measuring: This test is helpful to diagnose fat accumulation in your body as well as abdominal obesity. Moreover, it also reveals whether you are at risk of developing a number of chronic health conditions. If the waistline measures above 94 cm in men and 80 cm in womenthen one must take note.
- Test for blood sugar: This test measures the glucose or sugar level in your blood. You should take this test at least once every 6 months. Considering your age, lifestyle, medical history and obesity, you can take this test more frequently.
- Test for thyroid: The thyroid gland produces hormones that control your body’s metabolism. If this gland is underactive, you will be put at risk of developing many complications. Similarly, if it is over active, you will suffer from some other health problems too. Get your thyroid level checked at least once a year once you cross the age of 30.
- Test for anaemia: Getting physically exhausted too frequently or suffering from breathlessness indicates you should have an anaemia test. It measures the level of red blood cells or iron in your body.
- FOBT or faecal occult blood test: This test screens your risk of developing bowel cancer. The test searches for traces of blood in your stool, which is one of the bowel cancer symptoms. This test is necessary for people having history of cancer in their family as well as individuals above the age of 50.
- Hearing assessment: Do you know that impaired hearing is likely to cut down your life expectancy drastically? On the other hand, even a negligible disruption in hearing greatly affects your quality of life. These days, lengthy usage of earphones and mobile handsets put your ears at a higher risk of develop the problem of hearing loss. This problem can be temporary or permanent. Routine hearing assessment at regular intervals helps in avoiding these issues.
- ECG or electrocardiogram: This is absolutely painless and effective to diagnose any abnormality in the heart. The test measures the electrical activity of the heart in its contracted state. Considering your medical history and present health condition, you should take this test once every 2 to 5 years.
Get these health tests done at routine intervals to live longer, and be stronger and healthier.