Essential Check-ups for Men's Health
It is important that men go for routine health checks. You don't need to have symptoms before seeking medical examination. In fact, routine and yearly medical check-ups are recommended by doctors for men of all ages. Granted, men have always not willingly gone for doctor visits, but having a routine physical check-up or exam is a perfect way to prevent impending health issues from becoming worse.
Your doctor will study your medical history, including symptoms, testing, and physical exam to diagnose a health issue or risk. Should you feel well and undergo a normal exam, you're likely very healthy. But did you know that some health issues can go unnoticed even with excellent medical attention? Your age, lifestyle choices,health and family history determines the exams and screening you get.
Screenings like blood pressure check can be done at your doctor's office. You may have to visit a different office for other screenings like colonoscopy, test for colorectal cancer, as it requires special equipment. An overnight stay at the hospital may be necessary for executive medical check-ups. Your doctor will perform all the necessary tests on you to ensure you are in good health.
Before your check-up, you may be asked not to eat solid food for about 24 hours so that proper reading can be obtained from certain tests. Some of these tests may include urinalysis, blood sample, stool sample, etc. Your doctor may ask you a couple of questions during the test. Should you be experiencing symptoms you don't understand, ask your health care provider for proper diagnosis and test. You may be put under certain medications should you be found unhealthy.
Checking blood pressure
You will undergo a blood pressure check along with other physical examination. You should have your blood pressure checked everytime you visit the doctor. You can even do it yearly.
High blood pressure is described as hypertension. Should you be having a stroke, kidney or heart issues, your blood pressure needs to get lower than that of people without these ailments. As you grow older, your doctor may probably tell you that your blood pressure is very high. This happens due to the stiffness of your blood vessels with age; consequently, your blood pressure shoots upwards. With high blood pressure, you stand a chance of having heart failure, premature death, heart attack, kidney disease, as well as a stroke.
Cholesterol level test
Based on present-day diet and lifestyle, your cholesterol level should be part of your health check. Should you have high cholesterol levels, you can take steps to lower it and avoid heart attack and heart disease. Lipid disorder is a medical term for high blood cholesterol and triglycerides. This problem happens when there are too many fat-containing substances like cholesterol and triglyceride in your blood.
Men aged 50 should have their prostate examined. Your doctor will wear a glove and insert a finger into your rectum to detect any enlargement of your prostate. Should your prostate be enlarged, it could be a sign of cancer or harmless enlargement.
Prostate cancer can be diagnosed with the blood test known as Prostate-specific antigen (PSA). It is still not clear if men over a certain age should go for a PSA test. Consult your doctor to know if it's right for you.
Colon and rectum exam
When there are precancerous polyps in the rectum or colon, it usually develops into colorectal cancer. But with colonoscopy and screening tests, your doctor can diagnose precancerous polyps and take them out before it develops into cancer. Your physician can also use screening test for early diagnosis of colorectal cancer when treatment is effective.
You should ask for a yearly Fecal Occult Blood Test for early detection of colorectal cancer. Should you be below 40 years, your doctor may perform a testicular exam on you. This will require that you turn your head and cough while your doctor holds onto your testicles to know whether you have a hernia.
As part of men's health checks, do well to maintain healthy body weight by exercising or engaging in physical activity. You can check whether you're obese with your Body Mass Index (BMI). Yeah, by entering your weight and height into a BMI calculator, you'll know this. Normal weight has a BMI value between 18.5 and 25. Overweight is indicated by a BMI value of 30 and above.
Having a routine eye check as a man is very crucial. This examination can be performed within 30 minutes to 60 minutes to detect certain issues. Your vision and the health of your eyes will be checked. Routine eye check-ups are important for diagnosing issues like diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, cataracts, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Take your glasses or contact lens with you for your eye check. Your pupil may be dilated after the exam, so you can use your sunglasses while going home.
This is also known as an intra-oral examination. It involves taking a look at your teeth and the surrounding tissues of the oral cavity, including your salivary glands and ducts, the lymph nodes of your neck, and your tongue surface. A routine dental check-up is ideal to have a healthy mouth; it can be done twice a year. Your dentist will be able to spot dental issues like tooth decay, or gum disease. A complete set of X-rays is part of a full dental check.
The recommended male health check-ups based on age
Check up for men 20 years and below
- Complete dental check-up every 6 months
- Eye check every 2 years. If you have eyesight issues presently, it can be done yearly
- Blood pressure checks every 1 to 2 years. Men aged 20 and above can have it once a year
- Full physical examination including urine test, stool test, cholesterol test, and quantitative blood test
Men aged 20 to 50 years
- Eye check every 2 years; if you have eyesight issues presently, you can do it yearly
- Dental check every 6 months or based on your dentist's recommendation
- Routine physical examination every 3 years or as recommended by your health care provider or doctor
- Blood pressure check every 1 to 2 years; if you are at risk of high blood pressure, do it once a year
- Cholesterol check repeated every 3 years or as recommended by your doctor
- Yearly colon and rectal exam once a year if you're past the age of 40. If you're at risk of colon conditions, go for an occult blood test every year, or have a sigmoidoscopy every 3 to 5 years. Should you be at risk of prostate cancer, go for the screening every year after 45 years.
Men aged 50 and above
- Blood pressure check every year
- Dental examination twice in a year or as recommended by your dentist
- Cholesterol blood test every 3 to 5 years should it be normal or as recommended by your health care provider
- Routine physical examination every 1 to 2 years up to the age of 65. Should you be diabetic or hypertensive, or at the risk of any of these, go for a regular eye check-up at least yearly.
We provide male health check at Health Screening Clinic. Feel free to contact us on 020 71837056 at anytime.
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